Artikel Divisi Kajian
Whether or not you believe in global warming and climate change, it is a fact that now, numerous nations have set specific targets to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) in attempts to mitigate global carbon level. They recognize the importance to mitigate one of the worst impacts of a climate crisis – a rise in global mean temperature above 2 degree Celsius – on the human population, on our economies and on the environment.
As a young Indonesian who is going to be the next leader and a loyal citizen of this country, I am very concerned about Indonesia’s current economic condition which is considered as a lower middle income country who is being trapped in the phenomenon called ”middle(low) income trap”. What is middle(low) income trap?
Wait, what?! First of all, it should come as no surprise that the myriad of poverty alleviation programs by the government aren’t, shall we say, 100% effective. Even after public housing, raskin (rice for the poor), fuel subsidies and other attempts, poverty –whether in Indonesia or the rest of the world for that matter- is still rampant. Although I have nothing but the utmost respect for those who work for the benefit of those in need, a different -if somewhat radical- solution should be welcomed into the debate of how to end poverty. The solution I am going to expound here is called ‘guaranteed minimum income’ (GMI) and some of its variations.
Populasi penduduk merupakan sebuah topik yang sudah diperbincangkan sejak berabad – abad lalu. Fenomena yang berhubungan dengan populasi penduduk dijelaskan dalam sebuah ilmu yang bernama demografi. Dalam ilmu demografi, fenomena populasi penduduk yang mencakup persebaran populasi, dan perubahan populasi yang disebabkan oleh kelahiran,kematian dan migrasi. Salah satu ahli yang sudah memikirkan dampak dari populasi terhadap fenomena sosial dan ekonomi adalah Thomas R. Malthus.
It seems that the inclusion of initially marginalized parts of society is in season. We recently heard about Shinzo Abe’s Womenomics movement in Japan. He is promoting a more substantial participation of women in every profession. Apparently, in Japan, female employees are not very bizarre. Unfortunately, female leaders and holders of strategic positions are. Thus, he encouraged women, quite a large population in Japan and elsewhere, to be empowered and utilize their number to further develop the economy.
These serial killers, mass murderers, drug cartels and corruptors are hunted down, regardless of the state they are in. However, not in the way you think. Apparently, just a few years ago, China had admitted that they indeed ‘harvest’ organs from death row inmates after a long period of vehement denials. What we didn’t see coming is the promise that it would end the practice by New Year. Granted, some human rights activists (mostly westerners) have pointed out the disconcerting practice to be unethical and abhorring human rights. Nevertheless, since when does this notoriously headstrong country listen to what most people say, especially in the wake of very high demand on organs?
The title above may very well be a grave hyperbole, but ask any citizen of Jakarta who has had to spend a good chunk of their lives in a sea of cars, motorcycles and other vehicles, traffic is a sort of living hell that they must soldier through on a daily basis. For the enviable minority of readers that are happily unacquainted with the grim reality of traffic (I’m not sure there are), we condemn traffic on the simple grounds that it is a thoroughly unenjoyable experience that robs us of our time either from doing productive work or doing leisurely activities.
Bibury adalah sebuah desa kecil yang memiliki penduduk 100 orang. Seluruh penduduknya sangat menyukai cheeseburger dan setiap hari membelinya di Dorothi. Suatu hari, Anne seorang penduduk yang berpengaruh di Bibury memutuskan untuk menabung dengan tidak membeli satu cheeseburger setiap minggu. Anne bisa terus konsisten dengan rencananya dan kini tabungannya semakin bertambah. Anne lalu bercerita mengenai keberhasilannya untuk menaikkan tabungannya dan cerita ini menyebar ke seluruh desa. Bagaimana jika seluruh penduduk desa mengikuti kebiasaan Anne? Akankah penurunan konsumsi cheeseburger meningkatkan tabungan agregat?